There are several categories of men who are not required to register with Selective Service in order to receive federal student aid. Status Information Letters should not be requested for the following types of students: Immigrants who enter the U. If it is unclear that you are exempt from the requirement to register, then it is necessary for you to request a Status Information Letter from Selective Service to submit to the Financial Aid Office along with a written statement explaining your circumstances.
More information can be found on the Selective Service System website or by calling 1. Boise State creates opportunities. Selective Service Registration Info Most men aged are required to register with Selective Service in order to be eligible for federal student aid. In , Congress ordered the Selective Service System to put in place a system capable of drafting "persons qualified for practice or employment in a health care occupation " in case such a special-skills draft should be ordered by Congress.
The concept underwent a preliminary field exercise in Fiscal Year , followed by a more extensive nationwide readiness exercise in Fiscal Year Women as well as transgender individuals who identify as men or who have had sexual-reassignment surgery are not required to register.
Miller allowed a lawsuit against the Selective Service to move forward due to the anti-trans stance of the Selective Service. Until their 26th birthday, registered men must notify Selective Service within 10 days of any changes to information regarding their status, such as name, current mailing address , permanent residence address, and "all information concerning his status Despite these possible penalties, government records indicate that from through there were only twenty indictments of which nineteen were instigated in part by self-publicized and self-reported non-registration.
A principal element for conviction under the Act is proving a violation of the Act was intentional, i. In the opinion of legal experts, this is almost impossible to prove unless there is evidence of a prospective defendant knowing about his obligation to register and intentionally chosing not to do so.
Student Selective Service Confirmation — Penn State Office of Student Aid
Or, for example, when there is evidence the government at any time provided notice to the prospective defendant to register or report for induction, he was given an opportunity to comply, and the prospective defendant chose not to do so. The last prosecution for non-registration was in January In interviews published in U. As an alternative method of encouraging or coercing registration, laws were passed requiring that in order to receive financial aid, federal grants and loans, certain government benefits, eligibility for most federal employment, and if the person is an immigrant eligibility for citizenship, a young man had to be registered or had to have been registered, if they are over 26 but were required to register between 18 and 26 with the Selective Service.
Those who were required to register, but failed to do so before they turn 26, are no longer allowed to register, and thus may be permanently barred from federal jobs and other benefits, unless they can show to the Selective Service that their failure was not knowing and willful.
Most states, as well as the District of Columbia , Guam , Northern Mariana Islands , and Virgin Islands , have passed laws requiring registration for men 18—25 to be eligible for programs that vary on a per-jurisdiction basis but typically include driver's licenses, state-funded higher education benefits, and state government jobs. There are some third-party organized efforts to compensate financial aid for those students losing benefits, including the Fund for Education and Training FEAT and Student Aid Fund for Non-registrants. Some registrants are not U. The act has been challenged in light of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution which prohibits " involuntary servitude ".
The amendment was adopted with reference to conditions existing since the foundation of our government, and the term 'involuntary servitude' was intended to cover those forms of compulsory labor akin to African slavery which, in practical operation, would tend to produce like undesirable results. It introduced no novel doctrine with respect of services always treated as exceptional, and certainly was not intended to interdict enforcement of those duties which individuals owe to the state, such as services in the army, militia, on the jury, etc.
Later, during the Vietnam War , a federal appellate court also concluded that the draft was constitutional in Holmes v. Since the reinstatement of draft registration in , the Supreme Court has heard and decided four cases related to the Military Selective Service Act: Goldberg , U.
United States , U. Department of Treasury , U.
Selective Service Registration Info
Selective Service law as it is written now refers specifically to "male persons" in stating who must register and who would be drafted. For women to be required to register with the Selective Service, Congress would have to amend the law, which currently exempts women from registration.
The constitutionality of excluding women was decided in by the United States Supreme Court in Rostker v. Goldberg , with the Court holding that requiring only men to register did not violate the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.
The existence of the combat restrictions clearly indicates the basis for Congress' decision to exempt women from registration. The purpose of registration was to prepare for a draft of combat troops. Since women are excluded from combat, Congress concluded that they would not be needed in the event of a draft, and therefore decided not to register them. At the request of President Bill Clinton , the Department of Defense reviewed the issue in , noting that because women are excluded by policy from front-line combat positions, excluding them from the draft process remains justifiable in DoD's view.
Although no conclusions were reached, DoD recognized that policies regarding women need to be reviewed periodically because the role of women in the military continues to expand. The Selective Service System takes the position that it would be able to register and draft women with its existing infrastructure, if given the mission and additional funding. On January 23, , the Pentagon decided to end its policy of excluding women from combat positions.
Selective Service System
Military and legal analysts speculate that this will open the door for Congress to begin the process to amend the law and remove the exemption from registration requirements. The National Coalition for Men has filed a lawsuit that challenges the legality of requiring only men to register for the military draft. Selective Service System , is pending in the U.
District Court for the District of New Jersey. Bills have been introduced in Congress or announced as planned to be introduced to require women to register whenever the President orders women to register, to prohibit the President from ordering women to register, and to repeal the Military Selective Service Act and thereby eliminate the authority of the President to order anyone to register. On June 15, , the United States Senate passed a provision in the defense bill to include women in Selective Service registration.
The Selective Service System is an independent federal agency within the Executive Branch of the federal government of the United States. Even during peacetime, the agency is also aided by 11, volunteers serving on local boards and district appeal boards. Costs of investigating, prosecuting, and imprisoning violators would be included in the budget of the Department of Justice [ citation needed ].
The description below is for a general draft under the current Selective Service regulations. Any or all of these procedures could be changed by Congress as part of the same legislation that would authorize inductions, or through separate legislation, so there is no guarantee that this is how any draft would actually work.
If the agency were to mobilize and conduct a draft, a lottery would be held in full view of the public. First, all days of the year are placed into a capsule at random. Second, the numbers 1— 1— for lotteries held with respect to a leap year are placed into a second capsule.
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These two capsules are certified for procedure, sealed in a drum, and stored. In the event of a draft, the drums are taken out of storage and inspected to make sure they have not been tampered with. The lottery then takes place, and each date is paired with a number at random. For example, if January 19 is picked from the "date" capsule and the number 59 picked from the "number" capsule, all men of age 20 born on January 19 will be the 59th group to receive induction notices. This process continues until all dates are matched with a number.
Should all dates be used, the Selective Service will first conscript men at the age of 20, then 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 19, and Within the cessation of registrant processing in , all registrants except for a few alleged violators of the Military Selective Service Act were classified 1-H regardless of any previous classification.
The 1-Y classification was abolished December 10, Local boards were subsequently instructed to reclassify all 1-Y registrants by administrative action. If a draft were authorized by Congress, without any other changes being made in the law, local boards would classify registrants to determine whether they were exempt from military service. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved October 13, Archived from the original on Archived from the original on March 13, Groupp , F.
United States Government Printing Office. Retrieved July 21, Archived from the original on March 5, Archived from the original on February 27, Proclamation - Selective Service Registration". Retrieved August 23, Retrieved 12 February Hunter of California" PDF. Retrieved 28 April Retrieved 15 May Retrieved 4 September Selective Service and Trans Men".
It's unlikely any would face prison, but jailed draft resisters and former officials urge caution". Information for Registrants Booklet". Aliens and Dual Nationals". United States U. Archived from the original on May 25, Women in the draft? Selective Service System et al". Retrieved 22 February The New York Times. Retrieved March 6, Return to the Draft - Sequence of Events". Retrieved from " https: Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Views Read Edit View history.
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Conscientious objector available for noncombatant military service only. Registrant not currently subject to processing for induction or alternative service. Conscientious objector to all military service. A registrant must establish to the satisfaction of the board that his request for exemption from combatant and noncombatant military training and service in the Armed Forces is based upon moral, ethical or religious beliefs which play a significant role in his life and that his objection to participation in war is not confined to a particular war.
The registrant is still required to serve in civilian alternative service. Conscientious objector to all military service Separated.
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